Employers who are retrenching employees must do so responsibly and fairly. Find out the considerations and requirements for retrenchments.
At a glance
As an employer, if you plan to retrench workers, you should do the following before you retrench:
- Take a long term view of your manpower needs, including the need to maintain a strong Singaporean core.
- Inform MOM before carrying out any retrenchment exercise.
- Consult with the union if your company is unionised.
- Not discriminate against employees or groups of employees and make your selection based on factors such as the ability to contribute to your company’s future business needs.
- Treat your affected employees with dignity and respect.
- Consider having a longer retrenchment notice period for all your affected employees.
During the retrenchment exercise, you should:
- Pay all salaries, including unused annual leave, notice pay, etc., to your employees on their last day of work.
- Help your affected employees look for alternative jobs in associate companies, other companies or through outplacement assistance programmes, e.g. job fairs, career fairs, career advice.
Get help early before deciding to retrench
If you need any of the following, you can submit an early alert to us:
Notice of retrenchment
If you have decided and will be going through a retrenchment exercise, you are strongly encouraged to submit a notice of retrenchment. It is mandatory for employers with at least 10 employees who have retrenched 5 or more employees within any 6-month period to notify MOM of the retrenchment exercise.
You should give a longer notice period for your employees if possible as they will need time to prepare and look for new jobs.
The notice period depends on what is stipulated in the contract of service. If the notice period is not stated, as a minimum requirement, the following applies:
|Length of service
|Less than 26 weeks
|26 weeks to less than 2 years
|2 years to less than 5 years
|5 years and above
Retrenchment benefits are payments given to employees to compensate them for the loss of employment.
Who is eligible
Employees who have served the company for at least 2 years are eligible for retrenchment benefits. Those with less than 2 years’ service could be granted an ex-gratia payment out of goodwill.
Amount of compensation
The amount of retrenchment benefit depends on what is provided for in the employment contract or collective agreement (for unionised companies). If there is no provision, it will have to be negotiated between the employees (or their union) and the employer.
The prevailing norm is to pay a retrenchment benefit of between 2 weeks to 1 month salary per year of service, depending on the company’s financial position and the industry.
In unionised companies where the amount of retrenchment benefit is stated in the collective agreement, the norm is 1 month’s salary for each year of service.
- If the retrenchment comes shortly after a salary cut, the salary before the cut should be used to determine the amount of compensation.
- Both employee and employer don’t have to pay CPF contributions for retrenchment benefits.
Help employees find new employment
You can work with unions, SNEF and agencies such as WSG, NTUC’s U PME Centre and e2i to help affected employees find alternative employment.