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Progressive Wage Model for the cleaning sector

Cleaning companies and employers of in-house cleaners must meet the Progressive Wage Model wage and training requirements for cleaners who are Singapore citizens or permanent residents.

What is it

The Progressive Wage Model (PWM) for the cleaning sector was developed by the Tripartite Cluster for Cleaners (TCC).

The PWM comes under the Cleaning Business Licence scheme administered by National Environmental Agency (NEA). Cleaning companies must meet the PWM requirements to obtain or renew their licences.

From 1 September 2022, employers hiring foreign workers are required to meet the PWM requirements for their in-house cleaners.

Who it covers

The PWM requirements:

  • Are mandatory.
  • Cover all Singapore citizens and permanent residents employed in outsourced cleaning jobs, or in-house cleaning jobs in firms that hire foreign workers.

Employers are encouraged to adopt the PWM’s principles for their foreign cleaners by upgrading their skills and implementing productivity-based wage progression pathways.

The progressive wage structure comprises 3 wage ladders for 3 broad categories of cleaning jobs:

Group Description
Group 1 Office and commercial sites – e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums.
Group 2 Food and beverage (F&B) establishments – e.g. hawker centres, food courts, restaurants.
Group 3 Conservancy – e.g. town councils, public cleansing.

These categories account for the most common types of cleaning jobs. They are based on NEA’s classification of cleaning sub-sectors under the Enhanced Clean Mark Accreditation Scheme.

From 1 September 2022, in-house cleaners must be paid at least the stipulated PWM wages.

Wage requirements

The monthly wage requirements, as recommended by the TCC and accepted by the Government, are detailed below.

A PWM Bonus of at least 2 weeks of basic monthly wages is payable to eligible outsourced and in-house cleaners in a given year.

For in-house cleaners, the requirement will be effective from 1 September 2022.

Wages and PWM Bonus for part-time workers will be pro-rated.

Wages shown below are for basic salary.

1 July 2022 to 30 June 2023Show

Outsourced resident cleaners

From 1 July 2022 to 30 June 2023, outsourced resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $1,967

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $1,749

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $1,530

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,312

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $1,967

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $1,749

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $1,530

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $1,421

Up

General cleaners
≥ $1,312

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $2,077

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $1,967

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $1,749

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $1,530

In-house resident cleaners

From 1 September 2022 to 30 June 2023, in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $1,967

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $1,749

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $1,530

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $1,421

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,312

1 July 2023 to 30 June 2024Show

From 1 July 2023 to 30 June 2024, outsourced and in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $2,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,010

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $1,795

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,570

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $2,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,010

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $1,795

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $1,670

Up

General cleaners
≥ $1,570

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $2,410

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $2,010

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $1,795

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,010

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $1,795

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $1,670

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,570

1 July 2024 to 30 June 2025Show

From 1 July 2024 to 30 June 2025, outsourced and in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $2,455

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,270

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,060

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,740

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $2,455

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,270

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,060

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $1,840

Up

General cleaners
≥ $1,740

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $2,620

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,455

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $2,270

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,060

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,455

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,270

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $2,060

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $1,840

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,740

1 July 2025 to 30 June 2026Show

From 1 July 2025 to 30 June 2026, outsourced and in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $2,700

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,530

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,325

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,910

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $2,700

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,530

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,325

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $2,010

Up

General cleaners
≥ $1,910

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $2,830

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,700

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $2,530

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,325

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,700

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,530

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $2,325

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $2,010

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $1,910

1 July 2026 to 30 June 2027Show

From 1 July 2026 to 30 June 2027, outsourced and in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $2,870

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,700

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,495

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $2,080

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $2,870

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,700

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,495

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $2,180

Up

General cleaners
≥ $2,080

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $3,040

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,870

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $2,700

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,495

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $2,870

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,700

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $2,495

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $2,180

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $2,080

1 July 2027 to 30 June 2028Show

From 1 July 2027 to 30 June 2028, outsourced and in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $3,040

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,870

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,665

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $2,250

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $3,040

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,870

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,665

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $2,350

Up

General cleaners
≥ $2,250

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $3,250

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $3,040

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $2,870

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,665

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $3,040

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $2,870

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $2,665

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $2,350

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $2,250

1 July 2028 to 30 June 2029Show

From 1 July 2028 to 30 June 2029, outsourced and in-house resident cleaners must be paid the following wages. Wages refer to basic monthly salary.

Group 1: Office and commercial sites
e.g. offices, schools, hospitals, medical clinics, condominiums

Supervisors
≥ $3,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $3,040

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,835

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $2,420

Group 2: F&B establishments
e.g. hawker centres, foodcourts, restaurants

Supervisors
≥ $3,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $3,040

Up

Dishwashers / Refuse collectors / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,835

Up

Table-top cleaners
≥ $2,520

Up

General cleaners
≥ $2,420

Group 3: Conservancy
e.g. town councils, public cleansing

Truck drivers (Class 4/5)
≥ $3,460

Up

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $3,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators / Refuse collectors
≥ $3,040

Up

General cleaners / Restroom cleaners
≥ $2,835

PW requirements for in-house cleaners

Supervisors / Mechanical drivers
≥ $3,210

Up

Multi-skilled cleaners / Machine operators
≥ $3,040

Up

Outdoor cleaners / Healthcare cleaners / Restroom cleaners / Dishwashers (F&B) / Refuse collectors (F&B)
≥ $2,835

Up

Table-top cleaners (F&B)
≥ $2,520

Up

General / Indoor cleaners
≥ $2,420

Training requirements

For outsourced cleaners, cleaning companies must ensure that their cleaners meet the PWM’s training requirements by taking Workforce Skills Qualification modules from the approved list of modules.

Refer to SSG’s training framework for the cleaning sector.

For in-house cleaners, employers must ensure that their cleaners meet the in-house PWM training requirement of any 1 Workforce Skills Qualification course or 1 in-house training programme.

As an employer, you will benefit from your workers’ increased productivity and ability to provide better quality cleaning services.

For more detail on the training requirements and the list of approved WSQ training modules, please see Annex A of the Addendum to the TCC Report.

Find out more

For more information: