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Written Answer by Mrs Josephine Teo Minister for Manpower to PQ on Breakdown of Employed and Unemployed Singaporean, Permanent Resident and Foreign PMETs by Industries, Age and Gender

NOTICE PAPER NO. 6 OF 2020 FOR THE SITTING ON 4 SEPTEMBER 2020

QUESTIONS NO. 33 & 34 FOR WRITTEN ANSWER

MP: Mr Patrick Tay

To ask the Minister for Manpower from January 2010 to June 2020, what is the annual breakdown of Singaporean, permanent resident and foreign Professionals, Managers and Executives in industries such as manufacturing, construction, services, banking and finance, IT and communications, and professional services.

To ask the Minister for Manpower from January 2010 to June 2020, what is the unemployment rate of Singaporeans and Singaporean permanent residents who are Professionals, Managers and Executives by age and gender.

Answer:

A breakdown of Professionals, Managers, Executives & Technicians (PMETs) by industries and residential status, from 2010 to 2019, is provided in Table 1.

The unemployment rates of PMETs by residential status, age and sex, from 2010 to 2019, are provided in Table 2. The unemployment rates of Permanent Residents have generally been lower than that of Singapore Citizens. This is to be expected because employability and ability to contribute to our economy are often key considerations of granting Permanent Residency.

2020 data for resident PMETs will be released in the annual report on the Labour Force in Singapore in January 2021.

Table 1: Employed Persons Aged 15 Years & Over in Professional, Managerial, Executive & Technical (PMET) Occupations by Industries and Residential Status, 2010 to 2019 (June)

Thousands

Industry

Residential Status

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Total

Singapore Citizens

802.0

827.7

840.4

864.7

892.7

929.7

958.4

974.8

1,009.6

1,050.3

Permanent Residents

226.0

223.0

226.0

225.3

231.9

237.3

234.4

245.3

244.4

249.5

Non-residents

221.3

273.2

310.9

335.8

353.2

365.8

379.0

378.2

385.9

403.5

Manufacturing

Singapore Citizens

121.8

124.3

121.7

120.9

105.1

105.5

104.8

103.5

106.5

103.6

Permanent Residents

52.0

44.7

45.7

46.0

41.9

38.6

36.8

32.9

37.1

35.6

Non-residents

42.2

49.9

53.8

55.7

58.0

58.8

59.1

57.5

58.8

61.4

Construction

Singapore Citizens

36.5

32.9

35.9

33.9

33.0

39.6

37.3

36.8

41.0

39.4

Permanent Residents

16.0

14.7

14.2

14.4

12.9

15.8

14.1

15.8

15.6

16.1

Non-residents

17.9

20.1

25.0

29.9

33.1

34.6

36.1

34.4

33.7

34.2

Services

Singapore Citizens

627.5

659.0

671.3

697.1

743.8

772.7

805.9

822.8

850.6

894.6

Permanent Residents

153.0

160.8

163.3

162.1

174.5

181.0

182.3

195.2

190.4

195.6

Non-residents

160.6

202.1

230.9

249.1

260.9

271.0

282.5

285.0

292.0

306.4

Others

Singapore Citizens

16.2

11.4

11.6

12.8

10.8

11.9

10.3

11.7

11.6

12.8

Permanent Residents

5.1

2.8

2.8

2.9

2.6

1.9

1.3

1.4

1.4

2.1

Non-residents

0.7

1.1

1.2

1.1

1.3

1.4

1.4

1.3

1.4

1.5

Source: Comprehensive Labour Force Survey and Administrative Records, Manpower Research and Statistics Department, MOM

Notes:

  1. “PMET” refers to SSOC Major Groups 1 to 3

  2. Data are classified based on Singapore Standard Occupation Classification (SSOC) 2015. Data based on earlier versions of the SSOC were mapped to SSOC 2015 as far as possible to facilitate data comparability.

  3. Industry data are classified based on Singapore Standard Industrial Classification (SSIC) 2010 from 2010 to 2014 and SSIC 2015 from 2015 onwards.

  4. “Others” includes Agriculture, Fishing, Quarrying, Utilities and Sewage & Waste Management.

Table 2: Unemployment Rate of Singapore Citizen and Permanent Resident Professionals, Managers, Executives & Technicians (PMET) by Age and Sex, 2010 to 2019 (June)

Percent

 

 

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Singapore Citizens

Sex

 

Males

2.9

2.8

2.7

2.8

2.9

2.8

3.3

3.1

3.1

3.0

Females

2.6

2.1

2.1

2.6

3.0

2.6

3.1

3.2

3.0

3.2

Age

(Years)

 

Below 30

4.5

3.3

3.5

4.0

4.6

3.7

4.0

3.9

4.3

4.3

30 to 39

2.3

2.1

1.9

2.7

2.4

2.0

2.7

2.5

2.3

2.2

40 to 49

2.4

2.1

2.2

2.4

2.7

2.7

3.0

3.0

2.9

3.0

50 & Over

2.6

2.7

2.6

2.3

2.7

3.0

3.4

3.5

3.2

3.3

Permanent Residents

Sex

 

Males

1.5

1.8

1.3

1.4

1.6

2.2

2.3

1.9

1.9

1.5

Females

3.9

3.1

2.9

3.1

3.4

2.8

3.5

3.0

3.0

3.0

Age

(Years)

 

Below 30

3.8

1.8

1.9

2.4

3.2

2.6

2.7

1.6

2.9

1.8

30 to 39

2.4

2.5

2.2

1.7

2.2

1.8

3.0

2.0

2.1

1.7

40 to 49

1.6

2.1

1.3

2.3

2.7

2.6

2.3

2.6

2.0

2.6

50 & Over

2.0

2.7

2.4

2.7

1.2

3.8

3.6

3.3

3.5

2.4

Source: Comprehensive Labour Force Survey and Administrative Records, Manpower Research and Statistics Department, MOM

Notes:

  1. Data exclude unemployed Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents without work experience.

  2. “PMET” refers to SSOC Major Groups 1 to 3.

  3. The unemployment rate by occupation is obtained by dividing the number of unemployed who previously worked in a given occupation by the sum of the number of workers employed in this occupation and the unemployed who previously worked in the occupation.

  4. Data are classified based on Singapore Standard Occupation Classification (SSOC) 2015. Data based on earlier versions of the SSOC were mapped to SSOC 2015 as far as possible to facilitate data comparability.