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Foreign workforce numbers

Pass type Dec 2014 Dec 2015 Dec 2016 Dec 2017 Dec 2018 Jun 2019
Employment Pass (EP) 178,900 187,900 192,300 187,700 185,800 189,000
S Pass 170,100 178,600 179,700 184,400 195,500 197,800
Work Permit (Total) 991,300 997,100 992,700 965,200 972,600 981,000
  • Work Permit (FDW)
222,500 231,500 239,700 246,800 253,800 255,800
  • Work Permit (Construction)
322,700 326,000 315,500 284,900 280,500 284,300
Other Work Passes2 15,400 23,600 28,300 30,700 32,100 31,800
Total Foreign Workforce 1,355,700 1,387,300 1,393,000 1,368,000 1,386,000 1,399,600
Total Foreign Workforce
(excluding FDWs)
1,133,200 1,155,800 1,153,200 1,121,300 1,132,200 1,143,800
Total Foreign Workforce
(excluding FDWs & Construction)
764,200 780,000 787,500 788,300 804,600 812,700

You can download the Foreign Workforce Numbers file.

  1. Data may not add up to the total due to rounding.
  2. “Other Work Passes” includes Letter of Consent (LOC) and Training Work Permit (TWP). Training Employment Pass (TEP) was included in “Other Work Passes” from March 2014 onwards.