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Risk Management

Risk management is the process of identifying, evaluating and controlling risks at workplaces. It has been mandated under the Workplace Safety and Health framework to foster a proactive accident prevention culture.

What is Risk Management?

Risk Management involves:

  1. Risk assessment of any work activity;
  2. Control and monitoring of such risks; and
  3. Communicating these risks to all persons involved.

What is Risk Assessment?

Every workplace should conduct risk assessments for all routine and non-routine operations carried out under various environmental situations, e.g., weather and soil conditions. Routine operations include activities such as preparatory and troubleshooting work activities. Non-routine operations include commissioning, repair and maintenance of plants.

Different methods of risk assessments may be adopted, but all methods should include the 3 basic steps of Hazard Identification, Risk Evaluation and Risk Control. The selection of control measures must be based on the principles of Hierarchy of Control.

Risk Assessment Team

Risk assessment should be conducted by a multidisciplinary team who have a thorough knowledge of the work to be undertaken. Team members should include management staff, process or facility engineers, technical personnel, supervisors, production operators, maintenance staff and safety personnel if available. The risk assessment team should include contractors/suppliers personnel who are involved with the work, whenever necessary.

The team leader should have undergone training in risk assessment. Alternatively, a safety consultant trained and has experience in job safety analysis and risk management could be engaged to assist in the conduct of risk assessment.

Roles and Responsibilities

Risk management duties are imposed on every employer, self-employed person and principal (including contractor and sub-contractor). These parties must take all reasonably practicable measures to ensure that the workplace is safe to every person within its premises.

The Employer should:

  1. Designate, assign, appoint or engage a competent person leading a team of personnel (including contractors) associated with the process or activity to conduct risk assessments;
  2. Ensure that the risk control measures are implemented without undue delay after the completion of risk assessment;
  3. Inform all persons working at the workplace of the risks, and the means to minimise or, where possible, eliminate the risks;
  4. Provide a risk assessment register to record the findings of risk assessment;
  5. Endorse and approve the risk assessments conducted;
  6. Keep risk assessment records for inspection for at least three years from the date of the assessment; and submit the records to the Commissioner for Workplace Safety and Health if the Commissioner so requires;
  7. Review and update the risk assessment at least once every three years or whenever there is a significant change in the work, or after an incident involving the work process;
  8. Ensure that all employees are aware of the risk assessment for the work activity they carry out;
  9. Develop and implement safe work procedures (SWPs) for work which poses safety or health risks to workers; and
  10. Keep a written description of SWPs and produce this to the inspector for inspection when requested.

The Team Leader should:

  1. Have adequate knowledge of the risk assessment method;
  2. Recommend appropriate risk control measures to reduce or eliminate the risks identified;
  3. Prepare a record of the risk assessment for the employer after completion of the assessment; and
  4. Assist management in monitoring the effectiveness of risk control measures after their implementation.

Employees should:

  1. Participate in the risk assessment or assist in conducting the risk assessment;
  2. Adhere to SWPs established to reduce any safety and health risks in the workplace; and
  3. Inform their supervisors of any shortcomings in the SWPs or risk control measures.

Contractors and Suppliers

Whenever necessary, contractors and suppliers should work with the risk assessment team to identify hazards, evaluate and control the risks that machinery, equipment or hazardous substances may pose. Contractors and suppliers must provide information of any machinery, equipment or hazardous substances to their customers who may require the information to conduct risk assessment in their workplaces. For example, contractors and suppliers should provide operation manuals, maintenance manuals, safety data sheets, etc.

Where contractors and suppliers undertake work for their customers, they must take all reasonably practicable measures to eliminate or reduce the risk that may be posed by their machinery, equipment or hazardous substances as much as reasonably practicable.


Approved Code of Practice on WSH Risk Management More details
Inventory of Work Activities Form docDownload (50 Kb)
Risk Register Cover Sheet docDownload (46 Kb)
Risk Assessment Form docDownload (53 Kb)

Workplace Safety and Health (Risk Management) Regulations

The Workplace Safety and Health (Risk Management) Regulations states that employers, self-employed persons and principals (including contractors and sub-contractors) are responsible in identifying safety and health hazards at workplaces and taking appropriate actions to eliminate or reduce the risks associated with the hazards. See the following for more information on the Regulations:

Press Release on Workplace Safety and Health (Risk Management) Regulations More Details
Press Release on Risk Management by the Workplace Safety and Health Advisory Committee (WSHAC, now known as the WSH Council) pdfDownload (16 Kb)
Guide to Workplace Safety and Health (Risk Management) Regulations pdfDownload (112 Kb)
Workplace Safety and Health (Risk Management) Regulations 2006 More Details

Related Links:

bizSAFE Communities Visit website
Accredited Training Providers for the Risk Management Course Visit website
Occupational Safety and Health Risk Compendiums Visit website
Case study: Risk Management in Britain Visit website
Last updated on 04 March 2015 04:56:38