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Foreign workforce numbers

Pass type Dec 2012 Dec 2013 Dec 2014 Dec 2015 Dec 2016 Dec 2017
Employment Pass (EP) 173,800 175,100 178,900 187,900 192,300 187,700
S Pass 142,400 160,900 170,100 178,600 179,700 184,400
Work Permit (Total) 942,800 974,400 991,300 997,100 992,700 965,200
  • Work Permit (FDW)
209,600 214,500 222,500 231,500 239,700 246,800
  • Work Permit (Construction)
293,300 318,900 322,700 326,000 315,500 284,900
Other Work Passes2 9,300 11,300 15,400 23,600 28,300 30,700
Total Foreign Workforce 1,268,300 1,321,600 1,355,700 1,387,300 1,393,000 1,368,000
Total Foreign Workforce
(excluding FDWs)
1,058,700 1,107,100 1,133,200 1,155,800 1,153,200 1,121,300
Total Foreign Workforce
(excluding FDWs & Construction)
731,300 748,100 764,500 780,300 787,800 788,500

You can download the Foreign Workforce Numbers file.

  1. Data may not add up to the total due to rounding.
  2. “Other Work Passes” includes Letter of Consent (LOC) and Training Work Permit (TWP). Training Employment Pass (TEP) was included in “Other Work Passes” from March 2014 onwards.