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Foreign workforce numbers

Pass type Dec 2016 Dec 2017 Dec 2018 Dec 2019 Dec 2020 Jun 2021
Employment Pass (EP) 192,300 187,700 185,800 193,700 177,100 166,900
S Pass 179,700 184,400 195,500 >200,000 174,000 164,200
Work Permit (Total) 992,700 965,200 972,600 999,000 848,200 834,300
  • Work Permit (MDW)
239,700 246,800 253,800 261,800 247,400 245,600
  • Work Permit (CMP sectors)
407,500 360,700 355,700 370,100 311,000 304,200
Other work passes2 28,300 30,700 32,100 34,700 32,200 31,700
Total foreign workforce 1,393,000 1,368,000 1,386,000 1,427,400 1,231,500 1,197,100
Total foreign workforce
(excluding MDWs)
1,153,200 1,121,300 1,132,200 1,165,600 984,100 951,600
Total foreign workforce
(excluding MDWs and Work Permits in CMP sectors)
745,700 760,600 776,500 795,500 673,100 647,400

You can download the Foreign Workforce Numbers file.

FOOTNOTE

  1. Data may not add up to the total due to rounding.
  2. “Other work passes” includes Letter of Consent (LOC), pre-approved LOC, Training Work Permit (TWP) and Training Employment Pass (TEP).